…In a word, flexibility. The density is usually fairly fixed but the threads are not placed on the loom with one set design in mind.
The jacquard loom developed out of the draw-loom, a type of shaft loom. By the 2nd century BC the Chinese were using the draw-loom to weave elaborate brocades. Technology travels and in the 17th century French draw-loom weavers in Lyon were able to weave an inch of elaborate silk brocade in a day.
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